Basic Polish vocabulary with pronunciation and information about Poland
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Traditional Polish food

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Pierogi, ruskie pierogi; in singular: pieróg, ruski pieróg but it is rarely used in singular form. It means literally Russian dumplings. This word "Russian" is derived from the name "Red Ruthenia", which is the area known as Eastern Galicia. The translation from Latin is "Russia Rubra". So the name does not mean this food came from Russia, but from a certain region in Eastern Galicia. In fact Russians do not know this food.

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The name pierogi usually refers to pierogi ruskie which are made from unleavened (without yeast) dough, stuffed with mashed potatoes and white cleamy cheese, often served with sour cream.
However there are also

pierogi with meat pierogi z mięsem,

pierogi with sauerkraut pierogi z kapusta,

pierogi with blueberries pierogi z jagodami, there can be other ingreedients added, but these are the most popular. Recently I have seen even pierogi with Nutella. You can eat pierogi with Nutella in Wrocław at Pierogarnia Stary Mlyn, Rynek 26, Wrocław 50-101, Poland

Kutia (eaten for Christmas). It is a sweet grain pudding. The main ingreediens are wheatberries, poppy seeds, honey, various nuts and raisins.

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Łazanki - small square flat noodles with cabbage. This food comes from 16th century and was introduced to Poland by Bona Sforza. She was Italian wife of the Polish King Sigmund the Old. This food is made from stiff wheat, rye or buckwheat dough, rolled thin and cut into triangles or rectangles then boiled and drained. It is mixed with cabbage or sauerkraut and small bits of sausage.

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Barszcz. It is a soup made from beetroots. For Christmas people eat barszcz z uszkami (beetroot soup with dumplings), literally translated: barszcz with little ears. Luckily these are not real ears. These are just small dumplings.

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Barszcz z uszkami

Flaki - tripe. This is something I would personally not recommend. The name in Polish does not sound like a tasty food. Maybe that is the reason I have never eaten this. In fact it is just a soup made from a type of edible offal from the stomachs of various farm animals.

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Kopytka - potato dumplings, the word kopytka literally means little hooves. This is one of my favourite foods. It is made from mashed potatoes mixed with flour and therafter shaped into small rollers. Then they are cut into small pieces and placed on boiling water for a short time.

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Pierogi leniwe.Literally it means "lazy pierogi". They look almost like kopytka, but are a bit sweet and are made from mashed potatos, quark (white Polish cheese), flower and eggs.

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Pierogi leniwe

Bigos - hunter's stew. Typical ingredients include fresh and fermented white cabbage (sauerkraut, kapusta kiszona in Polish), various cuts of meat and sausages, often whole or puréed tomatoes, honey and mushrooms.

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Faworki or chrust - angel wings This is a dessert. In English it is translated as "angel wings". It is sweet crispy pastry made out of dough that has been shaped into thin twisted ribbons, deep-fried and sprinkled with powdered sugar. Very tasty.

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Placki ziemniaczane - Potato pancakes. Made of grated potato, flour and egg,

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Placki ziemniaczane

Fasolka po bretońsku. Literally: Breton Beans. It is made of baked beans.

fasolka po bretońsku
Fasolka po bretońsku

Gołąbki. Literally: little pigeons, however it is not made from pigeons. They are cabbage rolls made from lightly boiled cabbage leaves, which are wrapped in a parcel-like manner around minced pork or beef meat, chopped onions and/or rice or barley.

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Bezy - Meringue. It is a dessert made from whipped egg whites and sugar.

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Makowiec - Poppy cake

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Naleśniki z serem - Pancakes with soft sweet cheese

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Naleśniki z serem

Pączki - Doughnuts

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Sernik - Cheese cake

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Ryż z truskawkami - Rice with strawberries mixed with 30% cream and some sugar.

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Ryż z truskawkami

Anything else should go here? Have you seen a strange looking food and didn't know what it was? Let me know and I will add it here.